The traditional homeland of the Livonian people is located along the shores of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga in northeastern Europe. In the 20th Century, the Livonians lived in about a dozen villages along the northwestern coast of Latvia, mainly facing the Baltic Sea. After World War II, they were banished by the Soviet occupation government, but with the restoration of Latvian independence were given a special ethnographic region in the area they had inhabited earlier that century. Livõd Randa, or the "Livonian Coast", is the closest thing the Livonian nation has to a homeland or home region as it enters the 21st Century. However, it must be noted that today most members of the nation live in Riga, the Latvian capital, scattered among the city's inhabitants.




Livonia in maps through history (click to enlarge)



Fig. 1. Location of Latvia in Europe. (1)



Fig. 2. Map of Latvia. (2)



Fig. 3. Ancient Homeland of the Livonians. (3)



Fig. 4. Towns inhabited by the Livonians in the early 20th Century (Livonian names, with Latvian names given in parentheses).



Fig. 5. Map of "Livõd Randa". (3)

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1) Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin. Europe (Reference Map) 2003. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/europe_ref_2003.jpg

2) Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin. Latvia (Political) 1998. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/latvia_pol98.jpg

3) Karma, Tõnu. (Tenu Karma) "Libiesi." Kurzeme un Kurzemnieki. Ed. A. Vitols. Riga: Latvijas Enciklopedija, 1995.